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POST SECONDARY SCHOOL COURSES AND CAREERS

  1. BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
  2. LAW
  3. AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
  4. HEALTH
  5. SCIENCE
  6. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
  7. ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING
  8. CREATIVE INDUSTRIES
  9. HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION​
  1. BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • Vocational Education and Training Programs
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  2. LAW
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
  1. AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  2. HEALTH
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  3. SCIENCE
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  4. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  5. ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  6. CREATIVE INDUSTRIES
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
  7. HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
    • SPECIALISATIONS
    • QUALIFICATIONS
      • VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      • UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
      • UNDERGRADUATE
      • POSTGRADUATE
      • PATHWAYS
    • CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

 

 

 

 

 

1. BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

1.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The Business and Economics discipline is one of the most popular program choices for international students coming to Australia.

The main difference between the two areas is that Economics investigates the science of an economy, production distribution and the supply and demand of goods, whilst Business primarily deals with the management aspects of the economy. Specialisations include:

Accounting;
Administration;
Advertising;
Agribusiness;
Arts Management;
Banking and Finance;
Development Economics;
Ecological and Environmental Economics;
Electronic Commerce/Business;
Event/Leisure Management;
Commerce;
Health Economics;
Hospitality and Tourism;

Human Resource Management;
Information Systems;
International Management/Business;
Logistics;
Marketing/Public Relations;
Micro and Macro Economics;
Organisational Behaviour;
Procurement;
Property Studies;
Professional Economics;
Public Policy;
Real Estate and Development;
Social Planning and Development;
Taxation.

1.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Business and Economics programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • Professional Doctorates

TAFE and private colleges typically offer vocational Business and Economics training through Certificates, Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas. Universities offer more specialised Bachelors Degrees, Graduate Certificates, Postgraduate Diplomas, Masters, Professional Doctorates and PhDs.

​ Entry requirements into Business and Economics programs vary depending on the qualification level. The qualification level depends on:

  • the student's academic history to date;
  • the student's career goal.

1.2.1 VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

Typical programs offered at TAFE and private colleges include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate III in Business Sales;
Certificate III in Mortgage Lending;
Certificate III in Hospitality Operations;
Certificate IV in Business Administration.

Diploma

Diploma of Accounting/Commerce;
Diploma of Business;
Diploma of Hotel Management;
Diploma of Retail Management;
Diploma of Marketing.

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Business Management;
Advanced Diploma of Hospitality Management.

Students who have completed the equivalent of Australian grade 10 or 12 would be considered for entry into VET Programs.

Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas have slightly higher entry requirements. Students are required to have completed the equivalent of Australian grade 12, and some programs require work experience.

1.2.2 UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Entry requirements into university level programs are higher than VET programs. Examples of business degrees include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Applied Science;
Bachelor of Business;
Bachelor of Commerce;
Bachelor of Economics;
Bachelor of Hotel Management.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Finance;
Graduate Certificate of Event Management;
Postgraduate Diploma of Human Resource Management;
Masters of Business Administration;
Masters of Financial Management;
Masters of Business;
Masters of Commerce;
Masters of Economics;
Professional Doctorate in Business;
Masters of Philosophy;
PhD.

1.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Actuarial Studies;
Banking;
International Economist;
Risk Management;
Valuation;
Financial Modelling/Administration and Planning;
Chef;
Bar Attendant;
Beauty Therapist;
General Manager;
General Clerk;
Hotel Manager;
Administration Clerk;
Management Consultant;
Quality Assurance Manager;
Production Manager;

Real Estate Agent;
Marketing Manager;
Sales Assistant;
Specialist Manager;
Travel Agent;
Accountant;
Auditor;
Bookkeeper;
Human Resource Manager;
Marketing, Public Relations and Advertising Professional;
Communication Manager and Speech Writer;
Business Owner;
Project Manager;
Restaurant and Catering Manager;
Tourism Operator.

2. LAW

2.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The discipline of Law is suitable for people wanting to become lawyers, legal advisers in business or pursue a career through law enforcement agencies.

Law programs in Australia cover the following specialisations:

Banking, Business and Commercial Law;
Constitutional Law;
Criminology;
Criminal Law;
Economics Law;
Environmental Law;
Health Law;
Human Rights Law;
Indigenous Law;

Intellectual Property Law;
International and Comparative Law;
Jurisprudence;
Justice Studies;
Employment Law;
Legal Process;
Legal Practice Administration; and
Maritime Law.

2.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Law programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • Professional Doctorates/PhD

Law administration programs such as Justice Administration and Legal Practice can be studied at all qualification levels. Students wishing to pursue law for a career as a practising lawyer (eg. a solicitor or barrister) would enrol in an accredited higher education program such as a Bachelor of Laws (LLB).

2.2.1. VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

Typical programs offered at TAFE and private colleges include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Diploma

Diploma of Justice Administration;
Diploma of Justice;
Diploma of Legal Practice.

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Business (Legal Practice).

Students who have completed the equivalent to Australian grade 12 would be considered for entry into VET programs. Some programs require students to have achieved a satisfactory grade in English as a pre-requisite. International equivalent qualifications include:

  • completion of A Levels;
  • Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM);
  • All-Indian Secondary School Certificate;
  • the International Baccalaureate.

2.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Universities offer both Legal Administration and Law programs. Typical programs include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Arts (Law major);
Bachelor of Arts in Criminology and Criminal Justice;
Bachelor of Business (Law major);
Bachelor of Laws (LLB);
Bachelor of Laws and Legal Practice;
Bachelor of Justice Studies.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Law;
Graduate Certificate of Legal Education;
Postgraduate Diploma of Legal Practice Skills and Ethics;
Masters of Laws (LLM);
Masters of Applied Law;
Doctor of Juridical Science;
Juris Doctor.

2.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

  • Entry to Legal Administration programs starts from A Level entry requirement of 5 points (LINK to 8) (minimum of 2 full A Level Academic subjects).
  • Entry to Bachelor of Laws (LLB) ranges from A Level entry requirement of 11 points to 10 points.

2.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

Coursework postgraduate law programs are available for law professionals wishing to further their studies, for example the LLM; non-law professionals who wish to gain a knowledge in law such as the Masters of Applied Law; and non-law professionals wishing to gain the academic qualifications to practise law such as the Juris Doctor. Examples of entry requirements include:

  • Juris Doctor - is designed for non-law graduates wishing to practise law. Entry requirements generally are a recognised Australian Bachelor Degree.
  • Masters of Laws (LLM) - is an advanced law program and can include both research and coursework components. Students are required to have completed an Australian law degree.
  • Masters of Justice Studies - is at the lower end of the entry requirement scale. Students require a pass degree equivalent to an Australian Bachelor Degree.
  • Research programs in the law discipline usually require students to have completed a bachelor's degree with Honours I or II.

2.2.5. PATHWAYS

Pathways are available for students wishing to pursue Legal Administration or Justice Studies. Pathways for students wishing to enrol in Law, however, are less common due to the accreditation requirements. Pathways tend to be for upgrading academic qualifications.

2.2.6. PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

Law programs in Australia sometimes include a practical component where students acquire some practical experience in a law organisation such as a solicitor's office. Students are also exposed to Moot Courts and assessed on their performance.

Most Australian law programs are recognised internationally. However, some students from select countries may be required to complete further studies to practise in their home country.

On graduation from a law program students may be eligible for membership to an international professional association such as:

Law

  • Law Council of Australia (LCA)
  • Council of the Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE)
  • International Law Students Association (ILSA)

Law Enforcement

  • Australian Federal Police Association (AFPA)
  • International Police Association (IPA)
  • Australasian Council of Women and Policing (ACWAP)

 

3. AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT AND VETERINARY SCIENCE

3.1. SPECIALISATIONS

This discipline covers a large study area including the following specialisations:

Agribusiness;
Agricultural Biotechnology;
Agricultural Economics;
Agronomy;
Animal Production/Science;
Aquaculture;
Coastal Management;
Conservation and Land Management;
Crop Production;
Ecology;
Environmental and Urban Planning;
Equine Science;
Fisheries;
Forest Science;
Horticulture;

Land and Water Management;
Marine Science;
Natural Resource Management;
Parks, Recreation and Heritage Management;
Resource and Environmental Management;
Rural Development;
Sustainable Development;
Tropical Animal Science;
Veterinary Science;
Viticulture;
Wilderness Reserves and Wildlife;
Wine Marketing/Science; and
Zoo-keeping.

3.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Agriculture, Environment and Veterinary Science disciplines are offered at the following qualifications levels:

Certificate

Y

Diploma

Y

Advanced Diploma

Y

Bachelor Degree

Y

Graduate Certificate

Y

Postgraduate Diploma

Y

Masters by research/coursework

Y

Professional Doctorates

N

PhD

Y

3.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

Typical programs offered at TAFE and private colleges include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate in Forest and Forest Products;
Certificate in Animal Studies/Animal Industry Practices;
Certificate IV in Captive Animals.

Diploma

Diploma of Agriculture;
Diploma of Conservation and Land Management;
Diploma of Horticulture;
Diploma of Seafood Industries;
Diploma of Veterinary Nursing.

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Renewable Energy.

Typically, Certificates have the lowest entry requirements and Advanced Diplomas the highest. Most agricultural, environmental and vet nursing courses offered through a TAFE or private college do not have pre-requisite subject requirements. Examples of typical entry requirements for this discipline include:

3.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Entry requirements into Bachelor Degree programs are higher than vocational programs. Examples of courses offered in agriculture, environmental and veterinary science fields include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Diploma of Applied Science;
Bachelor of Agribusiness;
Bachelor of Agricultural Science;
Bachelor of Applied Science;
Bachelor of Environmental Science/Management;
Bachelor of Natural Resource Economics;
Bachelor of Veterinary Science.

Postgraduate

Masters of Tropical Veterinary Science;
Masters by Research; and
PhD.

3.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

In most cases, for admission into an undergraduate program students are required to complete qualifications equivalent to Australian grade 12, as well as fulfilling subject prerequisites. Typically Veterinary Science has higher entry requirements than environmental based programs followed by agricultural based programs. For example:

  • Bachelor of Agriculture - entry requirements range from A Level requirement of 5 to 6 points and students must have achieved a pass in Chemistry or Physics and Mathematics at high school.
  • Bachelor of Environmental Science - entry requirements range from A Level requirements of 9 points down to 5 points and student must have achieved a pass in Chemistry or Physics and Mathematics at high school.
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science - typically has an entry requirements of 13 A Level points and prerequisite subjects of Mathematics, English, Physics and Chemistry and has quota restrictions.

3.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

Postgraduate programs offered in this discipline provide:

  • re-training of non-professionals;
  • up-grading qualifications;
  • specialised training in specific fields.

The graduate courses designed for students without a relevant degree have lower entry requirements than those courses provided to students upgrading their qualifications in the field.

Postgraduate research programs usually require students to have completed a Bachelor Degree with Honours I or II. Select universities have pathways available to students wishing to complete a research degree without Honours.

3.2.5. PATHWAYS

There are several pathway options for students interested in the Agriculture and Environmental disciplines. Fewer pathways exist for students wanting to enrol in Veterinary Science. Many universities offer Diploma and Certificate program articulation pathways to Bachelor Degree levels.

3.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Agricultural Scientist/Engineer;
Animal Attendant;
Aquaculture Technician;
Environmental Scientist;
Farmer/Farm Worker;
Gardener/Landscaper;
Greens Keeper;

Horticulturalist;
Forestry and Soil Professionals;
Park Rangers;
Veterinarian;
Veterinarian Assistant; and
Winemaker.

4. HEALTH

4.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The discipline of Health includes the following broad specialisations:

Complementary Therapies;
Dental Science;
Medical Science;
Nursing;
Nutrition and Community Health;

Optical Science;
Pharmacy;
Public Health;
Radiography; and
Rehabilitation Therapies.

4.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Health discipline programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • PhD

4.2.1. VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

TAFE and private colleges offer a wide range of practical Health programs including:

  • Community Health;
  • Dental Health;
  • Alternative Therapies - such as herbal medicine, shiatsu, remedial medicine, naturopathy and massage;
  • Medical Imaging Science;
  • Tropical Medicine;
  •  

Examples of programs offered at this level include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate IV in Community Services.

Diploma

Diploma of Remedial Massage;
Diploma of Dental Technology;
Diploma of Applied Science (Acupuncture).

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Operating Theatre Practices;
Advanced Diploma of Nursing.

Typically entry requirements into medically based programs such as Nursing, Dental Science and Medical Science are higher than Remedial Therapies and Community Services. For example:

  • Advanced Diploma of Dental Prosthetics- this program in some cases requires students to have work experience as well as academic qualifications.
  • Diploma of Nursing Care- in some cases, entry requires:
    - a pre-selection test through VETASSESS;
    - a current first aid certificate:
    - completion of Australian grade 12 or equivalent (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC).
  • Diploma of Applied Science - requires completion of equivalent to Australian grade 12 (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC).

4.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Medical programs at universities have limited places and high entry requirements. Some streams will require students to have completed a Bachelor Degree before being admitted.

Note that the English language requirements are usually higher for programs in the Health field. For example, the English language proficiency requirements  for the University of Queensland can be found here.

Examples of programs offered by universities include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Nursing;
Bachelor of Dentistry;
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy;
Bachelor of Pharmacy;
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS);
Bachelor of Health Science.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Health Services Management;
Masters of Mental Health Nursing;
Masters of Nutrition and Dietetics;
Masters by research of Public Health;
PhD.

4.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

Examples of typical entry requirements are:

  • Bachelor of Medicine / Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)- has the highest entry requirement of any Health discipline course. Requirements range from admission on the basis of a Bachelor Degree, interview and completion of a Medical pre-admission test such as the GAMSAT or MCAT to the top 1% of school leavers. This equates to 13 points from A Levels. Students enrolling in the MBBS also have to complete clinical and practical training before being allowed to practise as a Doctor.
  • Bachelor of Dentistry- also has limited places and very high entry requirements. At some universities students enrol in a pre-dentistry program during their first year. Admittance into Bachelor of Dentistry is then based on their performance.
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy- also have high entry requirements and limited places, however students are generally assessed for admission on the basis of their high school results.
  • Nursing and Health Administration courses have relatively lower entry requirements. For example, Bachelor of Nursing - entry requirements range from completion of Australian grade 12 (or equivalent) with one prerequisite subject from Biology, Chemistry or Physics to excellent grades from Australian grade 12 or equivalent.

4.2.5. PATHWAYS

Limited pathways are available within this discipline including:

  • Remedial Medicine;
  • Health Administration;
  • Nursing and Health Sciences.
  • Other non-credit pathways are available for students pursuing a graduate MBBS through a Science-related undergraduate degree.

 

4.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Acupuncturist;
Audiologist;
Dental Technician/Dentist;
Nurse;
Massage Therapist;
Health Administrator;
Occupational Therapist;
Dietician;
Doctor/Surgeon/Specialist;

Pharmacist;
Physiotherapist;
Psychiatrist;
Welfare and Community Worker;
Podiatrist;
Ambulance Officer;
Chiropractor;
Natural Medicine Practitioner.

5. SCIENCE

5.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The science field is very large; it incorporates Physical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. Examples of areas of specialisations include:

 

Astronomy;
Astrophysics;
Biochemistry;
Bioinformatics;
Biomedical Science;
Biotechnology;
Botany;
Chemistry;
Earth Science;
Ecology;
Entomology;

Environmental Science;
Food Science;
Forensic Science;
Genetics;
Geography;
Geology;
Mathematical Science;
Parasitological Science;
Physics;
Toxicology; and
Zoology.

5.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Science programs are offered in the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • PhD

5.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

Vocational Education Programs available in this discipline are skills specific. Examples of awards include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate III in Marine Science;
Certificate IV in Laboratory Techniques.

Diploma

Diploma of Food Technology;
Diploma of Science.

Typically, students are required to have completed the equivalent of grade 10 for admission into Certificate programs and the equivalent of grade 12 for admission into the Diploma programs.

5.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Students are most likely to enrol in one of the following programs:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Science (BSc);
Bachelor of Applied Science (BAppSci);
Bachelor of Biotechnology.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificates;
Postgraduate Diplomas;
Masters of Science (MSc);
Masters of Applied Science;
PhD.

TYPICAL ENTRY REQUIREMENTS:

  • Bachelor of Science (Marine Biology) or Bachelor of Applied Science (Astrophysics)- A Levels entry requirements range from 5 to 10 points. Typically, students are required to have completed pre-requisite courses of Mathematics and at least two Science subjects as part of their high school certificate. Some universities do offer these courses as part of the Science degree but they are studies without credit towards the degree.
  • All programs involve laboratory experiments and some fieldwork.

5.2.5. PATHWAYS

Pathways are available for students who wish to enter undergraduate science programs, such as foundation courses. However, few pathways are available for students wishing to transfer with credit from Vocational to Higher Education qualifications.

5.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Geologist;
Geophysicist;
Scientist;
Mathematician;
Laboratory Assistant/Technician;
Biochemist;

Chemist;
Ecologist;
Environmental Scientist;
Wildlife Biologist; and
Biotechnician.

6. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

6.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The Engineering and Technology disciplines offered in Australia cover numerous areas of specialisations including:

 

Aviation/Aerospace;
Biomedical;
Building Services/Construction;
Computer Science;
Chemical Engineering;
Civil Engineering;
Digital Design;
Electronic Publishing;
Electrical Engineering;
Environmental Engineering;
Hardware Development;
Industrial Engineering;
Information Technology;
Internet Systems;

Materials Engineering;
Manufacturing Engineering;
Mechanical Engineering;
Mining Engineering;
Network Support;
Operating Systems Security;
Resource Engineering;
Software Development;
Sound Production;
Telecommunications Design;
User Support;
Video Games Development;
Web development.

6.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Engineering and Technology programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • Professional Doctorates/PhD

6.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

Vocational Education programs offered through TAFE and private colleges lead students to careers as associate professionals. The majority of these programs include work placements and internships allowing students to gain on-the-job experience before graduation.

Typical programs offered at this level include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate IV in Information Technology;
Certificate IV in Multimedia;
Certificate IV in Technology in Electronic Engineering.

Diploma

Diploma of Airport Management;
Diploma of Structural Engineering;
Diploma of Information Technology (Software Development).

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Information Technology (E Business or E Security);
Advanced Diploma of Engineering.

Typically, engineering streams have higher entry requirements than the technology streams. Examples of the range of entry requirements are below:

  • Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering- entry is generally only available through articulated entry from Certificate III to Certificate IV to Diploma. Students with prior study in this area may complete a bridging program for admission.
  • Certificate IV in Information Technology (Client Support)- students generally must have completed Australian grade 10 or equivalent (such as Mathayom Suksa Yr 5; O Levels; Taiwanese High School).
  • Diploma of Information Technology (Software Development) - admission is based on a student completing the equivalent to Australian grade 12 (or A Levels; STMP; All-Indian Secondary School Certificate) or articulated entry from a Certificate IV program.

6.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Completion of a degree at university level allows students to practise as professional Engineers. Programs are devised in conjunction with Engineers Australia and the Australian Computer Society. Examples of programs include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Arts (Computer Science/Information Management/Information Technology);
Bachelor of Applied Science;
Bachelor of Computer Science;
Bachelor of Engineering;
Bachelor of Information Technology;
Bachelor of Information Systems;
Bachelor of Technology.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Information Technology;
Postgraduate Diploma of Engineering;
Masters by coursework/research; and
PhD.

6.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

Many universities offer a common first year for Engineering students and then start to specialise in their second year. Similar to vocational education the Engineering streams have higher entry requirements than Technology courses. For example:

  • Bachelor of Arts in Computer Science- entry requirements range from 5 points at A Levels with no subject prerequisites to 10 points at A Levels including a prerequisite subject of Mathematics.
  • Bachelor of Engineering - entry requirements range from 5 points at A Levels with subject prerequisites of Mathematics, Physics and or Chemistry to 11 points at A Levels and Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry prerequisites.

6.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

Postgraduate programs for Engineering students are generally offered at advanced levels. Within the technology disciplines there are several conversion graduate programs offered. These programs are available for non-technology graduates. For example:

  • Masters of Information Technology- admission is based on a student completing the equivalent to an Australian Bachelor Degree in any other discipline than Information Technology to a student with an equivalent Australian Bachelor Degree in an Information Technology discipline.
  • Masters of Engineering - students must have completed equivalent to an Australian Bachelor of Engineering Degree.

6.2.5. PATHWAYS

There are limited pathways linking vocational and university level programs. These are more common in the Technology field than the Engineering field, although a limited number of private colleges have partnered with universities to offer Engineering pathways.

6.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Computer Aided Drawing (CAD) Operator;
Coal Miner;
Data Communication Technician;
Designer;
Technician Electrical/Engineering/Electronics;
Fitter and Turner;
Instrument Maker;
Engineer;

Digital Designer/Administrator;
E-commerce Specialist;
Information Systems Manager;
Scientist;
Systems Analyst;
3D Designer; and
Web Designer/Developer.

7. ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING

7.1. SPECIALISATIONS

Architecture programs in Australia are devised in collaboration with the Australian Institute of Architects, and Building programs developed with the Australian Institute of Building (AIB). Specialisations available through this discipline include:

Interior Design/Decoration;
Urban/Regional/Rural Planning;
Urban Studies;
Environmental Planning;
Town Planning;
Landscape Design;
Construction Management;

Building Surveying;
Building Design;
Cabinet-making/Carpentry;
Plumbing/Tiling/Plastering;
Drafting;
Landscape Gardening.

7.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Architecture and Building programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

Certificate

Diploma

Advanced Diploma

Bachelor Degree

Graduate Certificate

Postgraduate Diploma

Masters by research/coursework

PhD

7.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

TAFE and private colleges offer programs in specific trades associated with the building construction industry. These are offered as traditional programs as well as through traineeships where students learn on-the-job.

Examples of programs offered at this level include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate IV in Architectural Technology;
Certificate IV in Building.

Diploma

Diploma of Building Design;
Diploma of Interior Design.

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Building Design.

Entry requirements vary but typically admission into architectural and design programs are higher than the trade based programs. For example:

  • Certificate IV in Carpentry- students generally must have completed equivalent to Australian grade 10 (such as Mathayom Suksa Yr 5; O Levels; Taiwanese High School: SMA).
  • Diploma of Building - requires completion of Australian grade 12 or equivalent (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC).

7.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Completion of an Architecture, Planning or Development Degree at university level allows students to practise as professionals in their chosen field. Examples of university level programs include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Architecture;
Bachelor of Arts (Architectural Studies);
Bachelor of Science;
Bachelor of Town Planning;
Bachelor of Urban and Regional Planning.

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Development Planning;
Postgraduate Diploma of Project Management;
Masters of Regional Development;
Masters of Architecture; and
PhD.

7.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

Requirements for entry into specialised programs such as Bachelor of Architecture are generally higher than Bachelor of Arts or Science majoring in Architecture or Urban Planning. However, completion of the latter program would not give students accreditation to practise as a professional. Examples of admission requirements include:

Bachelor of Architecture - 5 points at A Level in a minimum of two subjects to 11 points at A Levels. Some competitive courses also require students to produce a portfolio to be considered for admission.

Most university programs in Architecture, Urban Planning and Town Planning include a practical internship. This provides students with essential hands-on experience before graduation.

7.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

Examples of admission requirements are as follows:

  • Masters of Architecture- A relevant Australian Bachelor Degree or equivalent plus a design portfolio.
  • Masters of Urban and Regional Planning - entry requirements range from an Australian Bachelor Degree or equivalent in a relevant field, to an Australian postgraduate degree or equivalent in a relevant field plus at least two years work experience.

7.2.5. PATHWAYS

Very few pathways are available for students wanting to transfer their credits and qualifications from the VTE sector to University sector. Pathways do exist within TAFE and private colleges to articulate between Certificate, Diploma and Advanced Diploma. Similar pathways exist in universities for students wishing to upgrade from Graduate Certificates to Postgraduate Diplomas to Masters and PhD.

 

8. CREATIVE INDUSTRIES

8.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The Creative Industries discipline involves the cultural professions. Students are assessed through a variety of methods including performance; exhibitions; presentations and written exams. Specialisations include:

Acting;
Animation;
Arts;
Broadcasting;
Ceramics;
Theatre;
Contemporary Craft;
Costume;
Dance;
Design;
Desktop Publishing;
Digital Media Design;
Entertainment;
Events;
Fashion Design;

Film and Video Production;
Fine Arts;
Graphic Design;
Floristry;
Jeweller;
Lighting and Sound;
Multimedia;
Performing Arts;
Printing;
Screenwriting;
Staging;
Visual Arts;
Photography; and
Music.

8.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Creative Industries programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • PhD

8.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS

Vocational Education programs in the Creative Industries discipline are offered either directly through TAFEs and private colleges or through traineeships and internships. Examples of courses include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate IV in Entertainment (Lighting and Sound).
Diploma of Arts (Ceramics);

Diploma

Diploma of Dance (Teaching and Management);
Diploma of Music Performance (Jazz and Popular).

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Digital Television Production and Management.

Entry requirements vary but typically admission into technical programs are higher than the talent based programs. These latter programs sometimes require audition or portfolios for admission. For example:

  • Certificate II in Creative Industries Pathways - generally students must be over 15 years of age.
  • Certificate IV in Costume for Performance - requires completion of equivalent to Australian grade 12 (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC).
  • Diploma of Music Industry (Technical Production) - admission requirements range from none to completion of Australian grade 12 or equivalent.
  • Advanced Diploma of Music - typically entry requirements covering the equivalent to Australian Year 12 (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC) is recommended. Completion of a Diploma of Music (or equivalent) or demonstration and/or audition is often required.

9.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Many universities and Art and Design Colleges offer a variety of specialisations through their programs. Examples of higher education programs include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Arts;
Bachelor of Design;
Bachelor of Performing Arts;
Bachelor of Visual Arts;
Bachelor of Music;

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Music Studies;
Postgraduate Diploma of Music Technology;
Masters of Design;
Doctorate of Visual Arts; and
PhD.

9.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

Admission into the Creative Industries programs varies. Many of the programs require minimum academic qualifications as well as a portfolio, audition, completion of music examinations or admission tests. Some examples of typical entry requirements include:

  • Bachelor of Fine Arts - typically entry requirements cover equivalent to Australian Year 12 (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC) plus some institutions require a portfolio submission.
  • Bachelor of Music - typically entry requirements cover equivalent to Australian Year 12 (A Levels, International Baccalaureate or Canadian OAC). Some institutions require:

- prerequisite courses of English and Music; or
- a Pass in Australian Music Examinations Board (AMEB) Grade 7 or higher in a practical examination & AMEB Grade 5 or higher in Theory or Musicianship; or
- equivalent results from another examination board.
In some cases applicants also need to take an audition/interview and musicianship test.

9.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

For the majority of postgraduate research and coursework programs students are required to have completed a relevant Australian undergraduate degree or equivalent and submit a portfolio, have an audition / interview, or show substantial work experience in their field.

8.2.6. PATHWAYS

A number of pathways link vocational education with university studies in the Creative Industries discipline.

9. HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION

9.1. SPECIALISATIONS

The Humanities, Social Science and Education disciplines cover a range of specialisations involving the study of people, cultures and institutions. Specialisations include:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Studies;
Aged Care;
Alcohol and other Drugs Work;
Asian Studies;
Children's Services;
Community Services;
Counselling;
Disability Services;
Fitness;
Interpreting;
Language;
Leisure and Health;
Mental Health;
Social Science;
Sport and Recreation;
Welfare Services;
Youth Work;

Advocacy;
American Studies;
International Relations;
Politics;
Anthropology;
Archaeology;
Behavioural Management;
Cognitive Science;
Psychology;
Curatorial Services;
Education;
Early Learning;
Geography;
History; and
International Relations.

9.2. QUALIFICATIONS

Humanities, Social Science and Education programs are offered at the following qualification levels:

  • Certificate
  • Diploma
  • Advanced Diploma
  • Bachelor Degree
  • Graduate Certificate
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • Masters by research/coursework
  • PhD

9.2.1. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET) PROGRAMS

Vocational education programs in the Humanities, Social Science and Education discipline are offered either directly through TAFEs and private colleges or through traineeships and internships. Examples of courses include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Certificate

Certificate III in Community Services (Aged Care).

Diploma

Diploma of Language;
Diploma of Outdoor Recreation;
Diploma of Theology.

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Diploma of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.

Entry requirements vary but typically admission into Community Welfare and Counselling programs are higher than the General Education programs, where audition or portfolios are sometime required for admission. For example:

  • Certificate III in Library/Information Services- typically this course is suitable for any person wanting to work in libraries and information services.
  • Diploma of Children's Services- students generally must articulate from the Certificate IV course into this program. Applicants generally must attain Government certification for working with children.
  • Advanced Diploma of Interpreting (Professional) - admission to this course is typically through articulation from the relevant Diploma. Other institutions require applicants to be accredited as a paraprofessional interpreter by the National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI), have practical interpreting work experience, and complete prerequisite subjects for entry.

9.2.2. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

Universities usually offer a wide range of specialist and general programs within the Humanities, Social Science and Education disciplines. A number of these programs lead to accreditation as professionals. Examples of degrees include:

LEVEL

QUALIFICATION

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Arts;
Bachelor of Psychology;
Bachelor of Social Work;
Bachelor of Education;
Bachelor of TESOL;

Postgraduate

Graduate Certificate of Sociology;
Postgraduate Diploma of Theology;
Masters of Professional Ethics and Governance;
PhD.

9.2.3. UNDERGRADUATE

Admission into the Humanities, Social Science and Education programs varies. Typically, general education programs offered as a major through Bachelor of Arts have lower entry requirements then the more specialised programs such as Psychology, Education and Social Work. Some programs do require students to have completed prerequisite subjects for admissions.

Examples of admission levels include:

  • Bachelor of Arts- 5 points at A Level in a minimum of two subjects to 8 points at A Levels. Some institutions require prerequisite courses for admission depending on the chosen specialisation.
  • Bachelor of Social Work- 5 points at A Level in a minimum of two subjects to 9 points at A Levels. Some universities only offer graduate entry programs. Students are required to have completed an Australian Bachelor Degree or equivalent for admission.
  • Bachelor of Psychology- 5 points at A Level in a minimum of two subjects to 12 points at A Levels.

The majority of specialised programs offered through universities involve a practical component. An example of this is teacher training for Bachelor of Education and placements for Bachelor of Psychology and Social Work.

Students enrolling in a Bachelor of Education are usually required to enrol in a dual degree in their preferred teaching area. For example, a student wanting to teach mathematics might enrol in Bachelor of Education/Bachelor of Science (Mathematics).

Alternatively, some institutions offer graduate entry Bachelor of Education courses. These are designed for students who have completed a general Bachelor Degree and would like to earn the qualifications to allow them to teach in that area.

9.2.4. POSTGRADUATE

At a postgraduate level a number of institutions offer conversion programs for students who have completed a non-related undergraduate program and wish to change careers.

Advanced postgraduate coursework and research programs are also offered. Postgraduate research programs usually require students to have completed a Bachelor Degree with Honours I or II. Select universities do have pathways available to students wishing to complete a research degree without Honours.

9.2.5. PATHWAYS

A number of pathways link VET with university studies in the Humanities, Social Science and Education disciplines.

 

9.3. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

Teacher;
School Faculty Head;
Special Education Teacher;
Teachers Aide;
Childcare Coordinator/Worker;
English as a Second Language Teacher;
Archivist;
Coach;
Hostel and Refuge Worker;
Social Worker;

Aged and Disability Carer;
Community Welfare Officer;
Psychologist;
Youth and Disability Worker;
Anthropologist;
Archaeologist;
Social Scientist;
Academic/Researcher;
Curator;
Linguist; and
Interpreter.

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